Climate Data

Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE): 1985-89

The Goddard Space Flight Center built the Earth Radiation Budget Satellite (ERBS) on which the first ERBE instruments were launched by the Space Shuttle Challenger in 1984. ERBE instruments were also launched on two National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration weather monitoring satellites, NOAA 9 and NOAA 10 in 1984 and 1986. The purpose was to develop a new generation of instrumentation to make accurate regional and global measurements of the components of the radiation budget.

Key Limitations:

  • Due to satellite issues, the original ERBE data are not suitable for climate studies

Years of Record

1985/01 to 1989/12
temporal metadataID:




Data Time Period Extended?

no, data set not being extended


Missing Data Flag

missing data present

Earth system components and main variables

Data Access: Please Cite data sources, following the data providers' instructions.

  1. Barkstrom, B. R., and J. B. Hall, 1982: Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE)—An overview. J. Energy, 6, 141–146.
  2. Fasullo, J. T., and K. E. Trenberth, 2008: The Annual Cycle of the Energy Budget: Global Means and Land-Ocean Exchanges, J. Clim., 21, 2314-2326
  3. Hansen, J., and co-authors, 2005: Earth's energy imbalance: Confirmation and implications. Science, 308, 1431-1435
  4. Trenberth, K. E., 1997: Using atmospheric budgets as a constraint on surface fluxes. J. Climate, 10, 2796–2809

Cite this page

National Center for Atmospheric Research Staff (Eds). Last modified 16 Dec 2013. "The Climate Data Guide: Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE): 1985-89." Retrieved from

Acknowledgement of any material taken from this page is appreciated. On behalf of experts who have contributed data, advice, and/or figures, please cite their work as well.