Climate Data

Global Ocean Heat and Thermospheric Sea Level Change

Using updated data from the World Ocean Database (Boyer et al, 2009) and improved ARGO profiling data, new estimates of ocean heat content and thermospheric sea level change (0-2000m) for the period 1955-2010 are derived.

Key Strengths:

  • Uses data not previously available; bathermographic data corrected for instrumental bias; improved Argo data
  • Error estimates

Key Limitations:

  • Individual grid points can be 'noisy.'

Years of Record

1955/01 to 2010/12
temporal metadataID:



Monthly | Seasonal | Annual


Ocean or Land

Ocean Only

Input Data

bathythermograph, Argo profiler

Earth system components and main variables

Data Access: Please Cite data sources, following the data providers' instructions.

  1. Levitus et al, (2012): World ocean heat content and thermosteric sea level change (0–2000 m), 1955–2010. GRL VOL. 39, L10603
  2. Boyer, T. P., et al. (2009), World Ocean Database 2009, vol. 1, Introduction, NOAA Atlas NESDIS, vol. 66, edited by S. Levitus, 219 pp., NOAA, Silver Spring, Md.
  3. Wijffels, S. A et al (2011): Revisiting Halosteric and Thermosteric Sea-level Rise 1950-2000

Key Figures

Click the thumbnails to view larger sizes



Cite this page

National Center for Atmospheric Research Staff (Eds). Last modified 08 Oct 2013. "The Climate Data Guide: Global Ocean Heat and Thermospheric Sea Level Change." Retrieved from

Acknowledgement of any material taken from this page is appreciated. On behalf of experts who have contributed data, advice, and/or figures, please cite their work as well.