Reanalysis

Comprehensive weather and climate datasets, reanalyses assimilate a variety of observations of the atmosphere, land surface, and ocean into a forecast model to provide a dynamically consistent estimate of the climate state at each time step.

Below is the atmospheric reanalysis overview page, which summarizes the attributes of the major atmospheric reanalyses. This section also includes selected oceanic reanalyses, although an overview is not available yet.

To find a specific reanalysis, jump to the search box below or click your desired reanalysis from among the blue sub-category buttons.

To see only the reanalyses pages accompanied by in-depth commentary, select the "Datasets with guidance" button when using the search box.

Climate datasets

Has expert guidance
JRA-55 JRA-55
  • Years of record

  • to

Spanning 1958-present, JRA-55 is the longest third-generation reanalysis that uses the full observing system (in contrast, products like ERA-20C and NOAA 20CR assimilate a very limited set of observations while NCEP R1 uses an antiquated model and assimilation…

Main variables and Earth System components

Atmosphere Air Temperature Geopotential Height Precipitable water
    • Timestep

    • Sub-daily, Monthly
    • Collections

    • None
JRA-25 JRA-25
  • Years of record

  • to

JRA-25 is a second generation reanalysis product. The model and data assimilation are from the operational system in April 2004. It was the first reanalysis to assimilate wind profiles around tropical cyclones deduced from best-track data, resulting in improved…

Main variables and Earth System components

Atmosphere Air Temperature Geopotential Height Precipitable water
  • Experts contributing reviews

  • None