Climate Data

Tropical Moored Buoy System: TAO, TRITON, PIRATA, RAMA (TOGA)

The Tropical Ocean Global Atmosphere program (TOGA) is a component of the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP) aimed specifically at the prediction of climate phenomena on time scales of months to years. In order to achieve the TOGA goals, a strategy of large-scale, long-term monitoring of the upper ocean and the atmosphere has been developed. In particular, several moored bouy projects have been developed. The Global Tropical Moored Buoy Array is a multi-national effort to provide data in real-time for climate research and forecasting. Major components include the TAO/TRITON array in the Pacific, PIRATA in the Atlantic, and RAMA in the Indian Ocean. The TAO array (renamed the TAO/TRITON array on 1 January 2000) consists of approximately 70 moorings in the Tropical Pacific Ocean; PIRATA use ~20 bouys; and, RAMA uses ~23 bouys.

Years of Record

1992/01 to 2013/04
temporal metadataID:

Formats

Timestep

Sub-daily | Daily | Monthly | Weekly

Data Time Period Extended?

yes, data set is extended

Domain

Ocean or Land

Ocean Only

Vertical Levels

Input Data

Moored Bouy

Data Access: Please Cite data sources, following the data providers' instructions.

Key Figures

Click the thumbnails to view larger sizes

Thumbnails

Captions

Global Tropical Moored Bouy Array (source: http://www.pmel.noaa.gov/tao/oceansites/images/map_lg.gif)
Monthly time series of salinity at all TAO/TRITON bouy locations along the equator. Image created using the online tool at http://www.pmel.noaa.gov/tao/disdel/disdel-pir.html.
PIRATA: real time download of daily of temperature, wind, dynamic height and temperature with depth (source http://www.pmel.noaa.gov/pirata/21n23w.html)
PIRATA: real time download of daily of sea surface temperature, wind components, relative humidity, air temperature ans sea temperature with depth (source http://www.pmel.noaa.gov/pirata/21n23w.html)
PIRATA: real time download of daily precipitation. (source http://www.pmel.noaa.gov/pirata/21n23w.html)
PIRATA: real time download of daily of radiation (source http://www.pmel.noaa.gov/pirata/21n23w.html)
PIRATA: real time download of salinity with depth (source http://www.pmel.noaa.gov/pirata/21n23w.html)
PIRATA: real time download of current speed(source http://www.pmel.noaa.gov/pirata/21n23w.html)

Cite this page

National Center for Atmospheric Research Staff (Eds). Last modified 01 Nov 2013. "The Climate Data Guide: Tropical Moored Buoy System: TAO, TRITON, PIRATA, RAMA (TOGA)." Retrieved from https://climatedataguide.ucar.edu/climate-data/tropical-moored-buoy-system-tao-triton-pirata-rama-toga.

Acknowledgement of any material taken from this page is appreciated. On behalf of experts who have contributed data, advice, and/or figures, please cite their work as well.