Antarctic Seasonal Pressure Reconstructions 1905-2013

Teaser image
Antarctic Seasonal Pressure Reconstructions 1905-2013
Main content

This dataset consists of seasonally resolved timeseries of surface pressure at 18 Antarctic research stations, spanning 1905-2013.  Routine meteorological observations began at most of these stations only around 1960, leaving a very short instrumental record on which to assess Antarctic climate variability and change.  Surface pressure is one of the most important variables for assessing changes in climate; for example, a drop in surface pressure since ~1980 around Antarctica likely reflects the influence of the ozone hole.  The pre-1960 data were reconstructed based on statistical relationships between the original Antarctic station records and much-longer, mid-latitude station records.  A variety of tests were performed to assess the robustness of these relationships and to characterize uncertainty in the reconstructions.

Key Strengths

Key Strengths

Approximately doubles the length of the original Antarctic station records

Uses well-established statistical methods and validation tests

Key Limitations

Key Limitations

Reconstruction skill is not consistent across all stations and all seasons (DJF is best season and Antarctic Peninsula best region)

Linear method assumes stationarity in predictor-predictand relationships

Please cite data sources, following the data providers' instructions
Suggested Data Citation
  1. Fogt, R. L., C. A. Goergens, M. E. Jones, G. A. Witte, M. Y. Lee, and J. M. Jones, 2016: Antarctic station-based pressure reconstructions since 1905: 1. Reconstruction evaluation. J. Geophysical Res.-Atmospheres, 21, 2814-2835, doi:10.1002/2015JD024564

Dataset DOIs
Hosted Climate Index Files
Usage Restrictions

Cite this page

Acknowledgement of any material taken from or knowledge gained from this page is appreciated:

National Center for Atmospheric Research Staff (Eds). Last modified "The Climate Data Guide: Antarctic Seasonal Pressure Reconstructions 1905-2013.” Retrieved from on 2024-05-19.

Citation of datasets is separate and should be done according to the data providers' instructions. If known to us, data citation instructions are given in the Data Access section, above.

Acknowledgement of the Climate Data Guide project is also appreciated:

Schneider, D. P., C. Deser, J. Fasullo, and K. E. Trenberth, 2013: Climate Data Guide Spurs Discovery and Understanding. Eos Trans. AGU, 94, 121–122,

Key Figures

(contributed by R Fogt)

Map indicating the stations with reconstucted pressure records (contributed by R Fogt)

Timeseries of December-January-February (DJF) surface pressure, averged across 5 of the reconsturcted station records for the "Full" period reconstruction (Figure: D. Schneider, NCAR)

Other Information

Earth system components and main variables
Type of data product
Dataset collections

Years of record
Data time period extended
No, data set not being extended
Input Data

station data from SCAR-READER, GHCN, CRU, ISPD

Vertical Levels:
Missing Data Flag
Missing data present
Ocean or Land
Land Only
Spatial Resolution
Model Resolution (reanalysis)
Data Assimilation Method
Model Vintage (reanalysis)

Key Publications
Not available...