CPC Unified Gauge-Based Analysis of Global Daily Precipitation

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CPC Unified Gauge-Based Analysis of Global Daily Precipitation
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A gauge-based analysis of daily precipitation has been constructed over the global land areas. Gauge reports from over 30,000 stations are collected from multiple sources including GTS, COOP, and other national and international agencies. Quality control is performed through comparisons with historical records and independent information from measurements at nearby stations, concurrent radar / satellite observations, as well as numerical model forecasts. Quality controlled station reports are then interpolated to create analyzed fields of daily precipitation with consideration of orographic effects (Xie et al. 2007). The daily analysis is constructed on a 0.125 degree lat/lon grid over the entire global land areas, and released on a 0.5 degree lat/lon grid over the global domain for a period from 1979 to the present. [source Xie, 2010] This dataset has two components: (a) the "retrospective version" which uses 30K stations and spans 1979-2005 and (b) the "real-time version" which uses 17K stations and spans 2006-present. The real-time data will be reprocessed in the future to be consistent with the retrospective analysis.

Key Strengths

Key Strengths

High station density

Key Limitations

Key Limitations

Quality of the gauge-based analysis is poor over tropical Africa and Antarctica.

The analysis quality varies with the gauge network density.

Definition of the ending time for the daily accumulation differs from country to country. There might be discontinuity in the analyzed fields across the national boundaies

Please cite data sources, following the data providers' instructions
Dataset DOIs
Hosted Climate Index Files
Usage Restrictions

Cite this page

Acknowledgement of any material taken from or knowledge gained from this page is appreciated:

National Center for Atmospheric Research Staff (Eds). Last modified "The Climate Data Guide: CPC Unified Gauge-Based Analysis of Global Daily Precipitation.” Retrieved from https://climatedataguide.ucar.edu/climate-data/cpc-unified-gauge-based-analysis-global-daily-precipitation on 2024-05-19.

Citation of datasets is separate and should be done according to the data providers' instructions. If known to us, data citation instructions are given in the Data Access section, above.

Acknowledgement of the Climate Data Guide project is also appreciated:

Schneider, D. P., C. Deser, J. Fasullo, and K. E. Trenberth, 2013: Climate Data Guide Spurs Discovery and Understanding. Eos Trans. AGU, 94, 121–122, https://doi.org/10.1002/2013eo130001

Key Figures

Climate Data Guide: CPC Unified Guage Based precipitation

CPC-Unified daily guage based precipitation estimates for 11 August 2012. [Climate Data Guide; D. Shea]

Other Information

Earth system components and main variables
Dataset collections

Years of record
Data time period extended
Yes, data set is extended
Input Data

station gague data

Vertical Levels:
Missing Data Flag
Ocean or Land
Land Only
Spatial Resolution


Model Resolution (reanalysis)
Data Assimilation Method
Model Vintage (reanalysis)